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In March, steel futures continued to fall as the price retreat in rebar and iron ore was reported over slow economic growth in the leading metal consumer China. The decline in growth targets in China led to support from the government in the form of tax cuts and social security fees, an increase in infrastructure investment and an increase in lending to small firms. The recent surge in iron price came over oversupply concerns but the uncertainty in the demand pre-exists. In the last few sessions, the most traded Dalian Commodity Exchange fell 3 percent, where the prices are expected to moderate in March.
Beijing announced to cut VAT from 16 percent to 13 percent for most industries and from 10 to 9 percent for transport and construction, to stimulate domestic demand and support ferrous markets. The government acknowledged that the impact of trade issue hit the iron and steel sector, where the iron ore contracts were lower 1.27 percent at the Dalian Commodity exchange, and rebar contract was 0.73 percent down.
US trade taxes and growing investment in local steel mills
The tariffs imposed on steel have wrecked some US industries, which has been causing serious harm to the workers, farmers and smaller companies who failed to build an international coalition with the like-minded companies, however, the American Iron and Steel Institute supported the Section 232, where it said the new steps promoted recovery in the sector. Many plants have been reopened where laid-off workers are coming back and companies are reinvesting in the steel production units.
The AISI state - the recent progress in the sector will disappear if the tariffs are terminated. The country imported 2.39 million ton of steel by November 2018, which was 27.2 percent low on y-o-y. As per the AISI report, the US steel mills produced with the rate of 81.1 percent a year through March 2, where the year-to-date production reached 16.4 million tons, up 6.9 percent from 15.4 million tons produced in the same period in the last year. The reports claimed over 14,100 jobs were lost in 2015 and 2016 by the domestic steel industry, and China, and other steel producing countries increased production despite overcapacity.
Alternative investment in iron and steel
Investments in the iron and steel sector are not recommended by the experts where the stocks of OCL Iron and Steel Limited, which was held for almost 5 years declined 86 percent in the last few months over the losses, where the company has been trailing revenue by 7.3 percent a year. However, there are reports of a cut in production of iron by the top producer Brazil, which may cut up to 70 million tons of the metal over the Vale SA dam breach that led to recent price changes over the supply concerns in the world markets. Citigroup and Commonwealth Bank of Australia expect the price to be at $100 a ton and Goldman Sachs believes there will be a rebound in output from non-Brazilian sources. The shares of miners Rio Tinto and BHP increased over the concerns of the supply shortage.
To find out more about other metals and iron investment, check 99 Alternatives at (http://www.99alternatives.com).
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