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Romance fraud

It refers to fraud where a person meets someone at a dating app and assumes they met the perfect partner. Such criminals use the site to gain trust, they have a bogus profile picture, and they are experts in creating stories to deceive vulnerable victims emotionally. 

They can create an impression, and once they succeed, they ask for money or personal information from the victim to steal their identity.

How Does It Happen?

Multiple sites offer dating platforms for people looking for romance, but some fake people may want to gain access to such sites to build trust and impress the other person. As a result, they may overly praise their target or use other psychological weaknesses to create an obligation for the other person to pay them.

They are people with a bogus profile who aim to gain the trust of others, and they are experts in their ways. They may tell about a problem but will pretend they need no help from anyone. They arrange a visit but may refuse at the last moment. They ask the client to pay for their flight or visa. 

All their excuses make the other person believe them, but once you send money, they try to get more, and if you refuse, they disappear and will never contact you back. 

They discuss many things with the other person to find out all their personal information to commit identity fraud. Although their questions may appear innocent, they extract all the important details like birth date, home address, and number of friends, background, jobs, and others.

How To Spot the Signs?

  • If you entered a relationship where the person asks too many questions about personal life. 

  • If they talk about themselves only to impress the other person or explain multiple schemes to extract money through such methods. 

  • If they threaten to break the relationship if you do not agree to something you would not accept in normal circumstances.

  • How to protect yourself?

  • You should never provide too many personal details to a person whom you meet on such apps. Do not reveal all the details like full name, home address and bank data as it can lead to identity thefts.

  • You should not send money to unidentified people, no matter how much you trust them. 

  • Always use reputable software and messaging services. 

  • Do not use apps from sites one cannot trust. For example, most fake people would shift from dating apps to text or social sites to avoid getting blocked or losing membership.

Date Published: Jan 21, 2022

Types of fraud

A-Z of fraud

To help understand which fraud you've been affected by, we've categorised them into an alphabetical list.

What is fraud and cyber crime?

Cybercrimes can be of two types. First, it can be cyber dependent, where the fraudsters use online devices to convince the victim to accept their offers.

Advance fee fraud

If you are trying to get a loan for a house or a car, they ask to meet the provider to get the financing arrangement and pay the finder's fee in advance.

Corporate fraud

Corporate frauds can be complicated, committed either by the firm or an individual. Nevertheless, it mostly involves cheating where the employee or the firm.

Individual fraud

There are many types of individual frauds related to advance fees, investments, insurance brokers, bogus tradespeople, Ponzi schemes, pension liberation.

Online fraud

Hence the number of cases of online fraud is increasing each year, and most such cases include – account takeover, direct frauds, or scams related domain names.

Identity fraud and identity theft

The criminal uses the stolen identity of another person living or deceased to conduct unlawful activities like obtaining goods or services in another's name.
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