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Recruitment scams

It is a kind of employment scam where they collect CVs of young individuals by posting adverts for hiring people for some high-earning overseas jobs, but in reality, there is no job. 

They get the personal details and resumes, and they will contact you. Then, you get a message from someone who states they were considering you for the post. 

The applicant is asked to fill in a form or a questionnaire, or the candidate is interviewed over the phone by an unknown person. After some time, the applicant is redirected to the employer's website and told they got the job. Then, once you get the offer, they contact you to arrange your travel and lodging abroad. 

They try to pose as credible firms but seek a fee for making the arrangements. They ask for a copy of your IDS and visa.
As the target pays the money extracted as a visa administration fee, transportation fee, or accommodation deposit, they seek many different types of fees for making various arrangements, which are never made. 

They will ask the victim to provide bank details to set up the salary and the mode of payment, and they use it to steal money from the account of the employee. 

Some agencies ask job seekers to pay for a post but may not respond after getting the payment. Some may even give up their previous jobs to get a better one but are deceived by such agencies. 

How To Know You Have Been Targeted?

•    If you are contacted by someone claiming to be a job provider or an agent who can get you a lucrative job for a small fee, deposit, or an overseas job for some initial payment. 
•    If the agency wants you to give all the personal and bank information over the phone, or they seek an administration or accommodation fee from the client. 

How To Protect Yourself?

  • Talk to the country's embassy where you expect to get a job and know about the total cost of accommodation and transportation. Also, try to find out about the local living conditions and total costs.

  • If you have been a victim – stop all communication and note all the activities and transactions made with the agency. Contact your bank to stop transferring money into the agent's account. Warn the operator and inform regulatory bodies. 

  • Check all your bank statements if you have given your details to the agent.

  • Do not reply to emails written erratically – with poor grammar and spelling mistakes.

  • If you are offered any job from an organisation, check the firm's details on various platforms to find out if other clients reported any fraud against them. 

  • Do not reply to emails that come from webmail addresses. 

  • Seek support and advice from authorised employment agencies.

Date Published: Sep 18, 2023

Types of fraud

A-Z of fraud

To help understand which fraud you've been affected by, we've categorised them into an alphabetical list.

What is fraud and cyber crime?

Cybercrimes can be of two types. First, it can be cyber dependent, where the fraudsters use online devices to convince the victim to accept their offers.

Advance fee fraud

If you are trying to get a loan for a house or a car, they ask to meet the provider to get the financing arrangement and pay the finder's fee in advance.

Corporate fraud

Corporate frauds can be complicated, committed either by the firm or an individual. Nevertheless, it mostly involves cheating where the employee or the firm.

Individual fraud

There are many types of individual frauds related to advance fees, investments, insurance brokers, bogus tradespeople, Ponzi schemes, pension liberation.

Online fraud

Hence the number of cases of online fraud is increasing each year, and most such cases include – account takeover, direct frauds, or scams related domain names.

Identity fraud and identity theft

The criminal uses the stolen identity of another person living or deceased to conduct unlawful activities like obtaining goods or services in another's name.

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