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Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)

What it is

When your business’s website or online service crashes after being overwhelmed by a large volume of traffic from multiple sources. A Distributed Dential of Service (DDoS) attack is sometimes a method for defrauding a company.

Protect yourself

  • Find out if your business is at risk; talk to colleagues about how you could prevent an attack.
  • Speak to a DDoS prevention specialist and have your systems tested for vulnerability.
  • Make sure your business has the resilience to keep other systems secure during a DDoS attack.

Spot the signs

  • You or your customers can’t access your website for any apparent reason.
  • Cyber criminals may perform test attacks to take a look at your system’s vulnerability. Small attacks could lead to larger ones.
  • The attack may be a distraction. Look out for signs of attempted fraud or cyber crime taking place elsewhere.

How it happens

Cyber criminals use a piece of software that makes thousands of attempts to access a company or corporate website at the same time. The attack may use a technique called ‘IP spoofing’ to make it look like many different computers are trying to access the site, rather than one over and over again.

A DDoS attack is like many people trying to squeeze through a door at once; ordinary users won’t be able to access the site or use its services, and eventually the entire website will fail.

Attackers may use DDoS as a diversion to commit fraud, or to test your systems’ vulnerabilities. While your business works to clear the attack and restore normal access, the attackers may use different techniques to access customer data to be used for identity fraud, or steal sensitive company information.

How to report it

If Fraud has been committed report it to Action Fraud. For more advice and to raise any concerns, contact the Office of the Public Guardian.

If your business suffers a DDoS attack, call your Internet Service Provider (ISP), or hosting provider if you do not host your own web server.

Keep a timeline of events and save server, web and email logs, any packet capture, network graphs or reports.

Source - Action Fraud

Date Published: Jul 21, 2018

Types of fraud

A-Z of fraud

To help understand which fraud you've been affected by, we've categorised them into an alphabetical list.

What is fraud and cyber crime?

Fraud is when trickery is used to gain a dishonest advantage, which is often financial, over another person.

Advance fee fraud

Advance fee fraud is when fraudsters target victims to make advance or upfront payments for goods, services and/or financial gains that do not materialise.

Corporate fraud

Corporate fraud can be any fraud committed against a business.

Individual fraud

Individual fraud could be any fraud that targets a person directly. Individual frauds can differ from frauds affecting businesses and other organisations.

Online fraud

Some fraudsters rely on the internet to commit their crimes. Learn about some different types of internet frauds that and how to protect yourself and get safe online.

Identity fraud and identity theft

Identity theft is when your personal details are stolen and identity fraud is when those details are used to commit fraud.
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